Dementia

Dementia Specialist
Dr. Albert Boyd offers compassionate care and services for his patients from throughout Dallas County who suffer from dementia. From his practice, Albert Boyd, MD., PA in Desoto, Texas, Dr. Boyd helps his patients and their families manage the disease and make the necessary lifestyle adjustments to preserve their well being.

Dementia Q & A

by Albert Boyd, MD

What is dementia?

Dementia is the general term for a medical disorder that changes the functioning of the brain. It primarily affects language, memory, and behavior. Alzheimer’s Disease is the most common form of dementia. It is caused by the systematic disruption, or deterioration of structures in the brain, primarily areas that store memories. When a breakdown of cells has begun, the brain may have more difficulty creating new memories or accessing memories that were previously encoded.

Over four million people have been diagnosed with dementia in the United States alone, and this condition affects up to ten percent of the global population over the age of 65. Dementia is also found in younger individuals, but this is less common.

What are the signs and symptoms of dementia?

While memory can be impaired later in life, severe memory loss can be a sign of dementia. The most common signs of dementia are:

  • Difficulty speaking or finding words
  • Difficulty completing routine tasks: Driving, using tools and computers
  • Difficulty interacting with others
  • Unfamiliarity with people they used to know
  • Short term memory loss
  • Mood changes: Irritability for unexplained reasons
  • Agitation in unfamiliar situations and surroundings
  • Becoming unfamiliar with family members and caretakers
  • Unable to complete basic functions: Eating, bathing, using the bathroom
  • Wandering off
  • Leaving water running, or a stove on
  • Wearing inappropriate clothing for the weather

What kind of treatment is available for dementia?

There are medications that can be helpful in treating dementia. Early diagnosis and treatment of dementia can sometimes lead to a patient living a symptom-free life.
While these medications have their benefits, side effects are also a possibility. While some patients experience no side effects, other may experience:

  • Muscle cramps
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Insomnia
  • Headaches
  • Urinary incontinence


If side effects appear, patients should contact Dr. Boyd to schedule a medication consultation. If side effects are severe, contacting emergency services may be warranted.

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